Rose. Simply a very beautiful flower
The rose is a woody perennial flowering plant that was originally from China but is now grown worldwide. It is characterized by a wide range of colors and sizes.
The 7 most beautiful roses in the world
Roses have been known for centuries for their beauty, fragrance and to represent something. It simply cannot be concluded that a particular rose is the most beautiful one in the world. Because, among the more 100 species of rose, none is lacking in beauty. But, some of them truly deserve to come in the top positions when talking about the beauty.
The Double Delight is truly one of the most wonderful roses in the world. It is renowned both in beauty and fragrance. This amazing plant bears large, creamy blossoms edged with striking red color. Each bloom has 30-35 petals. The Double Delight roses also produce intense spicy fragrance throughout the blooming season.
The Double Delight roses are definitely a good choice for cutting edge garden and display shows. To develop a striking, rich color, the double delight rose should get full Sun exposure. It grows to a height of approximately 1.5 meters.
Pruning in the spring is another important thing to consider. It will definitely bring more flowers to your double delight plant. The large, colorful and high centered blooms will appear from spring through fall.
- Flower type: double
- Blooming: spring through fall.
- Care: full sun, moderate watering and pruning in spring.
At first look, the Black Baccara look like a large, beautiful black rose. But it is not at all a black rose. Actually, the unique velvet texture of its petals has a strong resemblance with the black color. Black Baccara is also renowned among the rose lovers for its near black color. Each flower opens 4 inches across and contains up to 45 petals.
The Black Baccara rose can be a great addition to your garden and display shows. You will need to choose a location with full Sun exposure to plant this rose. For the healthy growth of Black Baccara, make sure you plant it in a well-drained soil. The shining, velvet colored flowers will appear from spring through fall.
- Flower color: velvet.
- Blooming: spring through fall.
- Care: full sun exposure, mild watering and pruning.
The Victor Hugo rose is among the most beautiful red roses in the world. It produces large blooms of dark red with 25-30 petals. The Strong fragrance is another great feature of this rose. Thus, the Victor Hugo rose is a good choice for making bouquets and vases.
The Victor Hugo rose plants will grow up to a height of 1 meter. It needs full Sun exposure. Pruning is a must for this rose plant in winter and spring. The blooming of Victor Hugo rose will start in the spring and it repeats until the fall.
- Flower color: deep red.
- Blooming: from spring to fall.
- Caring: need full sun exposure, pruning is a must in winter and spring.
The Red Eden is an amazing climbing rose with large, old-fashioned bright red flowers. A single blossom of a Red Eden has an average diameter of 5 inches and it contains up to 110 petals. The Red Eden roses are also one among the best-scented roses in the world. It spread intense, mild classic rose fragrance.
Red Eden is a healthy and a continual blooming rose plant. This beautiful climbing rose suited well for the fences. The caring for Red Eden rose is pretty simple. The plant needs full Sun and moderate watering. You should also prune the plant before the leaves coming out. The blooming of Red Eden rose will start in the spring and continues until the end of summer.
- Category: Climbing.
- Flower type: fully double.
- Flower color: bright red.
- Blooming season: spring through summer.
- Caring: Full sun, moderate watering and pruning before the growth of the leaves.
It is a repeat blooming English rose that bears attractive cupped white flowers. This medium sized roses opens 2.25 inches across with 80-85 petals. Apart from its beauty, the Winchester cathedral is also renowned for its strong fragrance. It produces a pleasant fragrance with hints of almond blossom and honey.
The Winchester cathedral is a disease-resistant plant. It also grows and bloom well over a long period. The seeds should be planted in a part of your garden where it gets partial Sun. The plant grows 1.2 meters in height. The first flower will appear in Summer and it blooms repeatedly until the fall.
- Category: English rose.
- Flower type: fully double.
- Flower color: white.
- Blooming season: summer to fall.
- Caring: partial sun and moderate watering.
With the large buttery-yellow flowers, the Michelangelo rose has an excellent, old-fashioned look. Under normal conditions, its flowers open 5 inches across. In each bloom also has 40-45 petals. The Michelangelo rose also renowned for its intense lemony fragrance. It is a good choice for making bouquets.
To plant the Michelangelo rose, choose a location where it gets partial Sun. The plant grows up to 4 feet. Make sure it gets moderate watering. The beautiful, buttery-yellow blooms will appear from mid-spring to fall.
- Flower type: Semi-double.
- Flower color: buttery-yellow.
- Blooming season: from mid-spring to fall.
- Caring: need partial sun and moderate watering.
As the name suggests, the gold medal plant bears large, brilliantly dark gold colored blossoms. Its flowers form in clusters and each flower consists 30-40 petals. The color of gold medal roses becomes more intense during mild temperature. The intense fruity fragrance of gold medal makes it as one of the best roses to grow in your garden.
The gold medal is an upright and nearly thornless bushy plant. It will reach up to 36 inches in height. For a healthy growth, this plant needs full Sun exposure. You should also cut back its canes in spring and winter. The stunning dark gold colored flowers will appear from spring through summer.
- Flower type: double
- Flower color: dark gold.
- Blooming: spring through summer.
- Caring: Full sun exposure, mid watering and pruning in spring and winter.
Habitat of Roses
Roses are native to China but are now grown across the world and thrive in sunny, well-drained soil. They particularly like clay soils and it is best to grow roses away from other plants so their roots are not disturbed. It is important to remember that hybridized flowers such as roses have become more adaptable to different conditions so check when buying your roses what the optimum conditions are.
The months that Roses are available
When growing in the garden, roses should be planted between November and February. Roses are available all year round and are sold either as seeds or as cuttings. If you are growing in a pot, they can be planted at any time.
How many species of roses are there in the world?
While it is estimated that there are anywhere between 100 and 150, there is a lot of debate as to how many species of rose there are because so many of them are so similar. Roses come from the Rosaceae family and bear the Latin name Rosa. Species Roses are classified as roses that grow in the wild and have done so for thousands of years. Rosa Carolina is an example of this kind of rose.
Tips and care
Roses need to be fed regularly and the amount of feeding will depend on the kind of soil they are planted in. Pruning is also important and should be done after between mid-February and mid-March during a sustained frost-free period.
- rose hips
- root bark
- essential oil
There are about 300 chemical constituents of which only around 100 have as yet been identified.
Depending on the source, some rose teas are able to supply as much as 1000 mg per cup. Recent studies now indicate that taking more than 2000 mg of vitamin C per day changes the vitamin into a pro-oxidant that actually increases cellular damage caused by unstable free radicals. Other experts seem to think that this action takes place with as little as 1000 mg of vitamin C per day.
The remedies provided by a rose
- The seeds of the Japanese rose are used in Oriental medicine as a diuretic and laxative.
- Infusions of dried rose petals are used for headaches and taken after meals to aid digestion.
- Steam inhalation of a decoction of rose petals, lavender, and hops help induce sleep.
- Compresses soaked in infusions of the dried flowers make a good anti-inflammatory remedy for the eyes or any other inflamed area of the body and applied cool for headaches.
- Rosehip tincture is an effective astringent for treating diarrhea or in relieving colic or as a component in cough remedies.
- Rosehip syrup is used as a cough remedy or taken as a source of vitamin C.
- Rosehip decoction is taken with other herbs to treat chronic diarrhea associated with stomach weaknesses.
- Flower decoctions are taken with motherwort for heavy menstruation or combined with Chinese herbs for liver dysfunctions.
- Tinctures from the petals are used for diarrhea or sluggish digestion. When combined with other herbs, they areused to treat irregular or heavy menstruation.
- Gargles made from petal infusions, used alone or combined with sage, are used for sore throats.
- Creams from the essential oil are used to treat dry or inflamed skin.
- Lotions from the essential oil are combined with lady’s mantle tincture for vaginal itching.
- Rosewater combined with equal amounts of witch hazel is used as a moisturizing lotion for skin prone to pimples or acne. (Rosewater is a by-product of the steam distillation of Bulgarian rose oil and is used as a skin remedy.)
- A few drops of essential oil can be added to bathwater for depression, grief, or insomnia.
- Massage oil is made by mixing a few drops of essential oil with a neutral oil and used to relieve stress and exhaustion or for sluggish digestion.
Its traditional uses
The dried hips of the wild rose are especially high in vitamin C, having three times that of citrus fruits, and have long been used to prevent scurvy.
The Chinese use the flowers as a qi or energy stimulant and blood tonic to relieve stagnant liver energies. They are also used for digestive irregularities or with motherwort for heavy menstruation.
The Damask rose blooms for only a couple of weeks, during which time the petals are collected and steam distilled to produce true Bulgarian rose oil used in about 96% of all women’s perfumes. Medicinally, it is an important nervine used for depression and anxiety.
The cabbage rose is used to produce French rose oil, which differs significantly in its chemical composition from Bulgarian rose oil and has a reputation as an aphrodisiac.
Health benefits and medicinal uses of Rose (Rosa centifolia)
The rose flower has various medicinal properties. Roses are high in Vitamin C, pectin, and citric acids. It also refreshes the body.
- Rose tea helps to fight against infection in the digestive tracts and intestines.
- The rose petals release fluid retention and hasten the elimination of wastes through the kidneys.
- A decoction prepared by boiling rose petals in water is effective home remedy against sore throat.
- Rose oil is also used in a room diffuser and for aromatherapy. It is helpful for stress related conditions like insomnia and nervous tension, due to its soothing properties.
- A decoction prepared from rose petals is an effective natural remedy and treatment for bladder infection.
- Rose petals help to cleanse the liver and gall bladder and promote bile flow.
- Make an infusion of crushed rose petals by adding it to a cup of boiling water. Strain and drink it twice a day for diarrhoea.
- For chapped lips and dry skin, equal portions of glycerine, rose water and fresh lime juice mixed together and applied on the body helps.
- Rose petal tea is a very good remedy for irregular periods.
- Rose water makes a good eye wash for sore or inflamed eyes.
Rose petals are used in the manufacture of rose oil that is steam-distilled by crushing. The byproduct of steam distillation is rose water, which is an excellent relaxing agent, soothes the nerves and adds flavor to a variety of dishes across the world. Rose essence is rich in flavanoids, tannins, antioxidants and vitamins A, B3, C, D and E, making it beneficial in skin care. Some of the benefits of rose oil, water and essence are as follows:
- Rose water is an effective astringent that reduces swelling of capillaries beneath the skin.
- Rose petal tea is efficient in cleansing the gall bladder and liver, and it improves bile secretion.
- Dried rose petals are crushed to make tea.
- Rose tea helps in alleviating mild sore throats and bronchial infections. The tea cools the body and reduces fever-related rashes.
- Rose petals are an essential ingredient in eye washes as well, as it is antiseptic in nature.
- Rose water benefits include nourishing the scalp and improving hair growth.
- It is medicinally used as an antibacterial, antiseptic, and anti-inflammatory product.
- Rose water is also used to treat dry scaly skin, dermatitis, and eczema.
- Rose essential oil is used along with other essential oils to treat various illnesses like liver problems, nausea, fatigue, ulcers, asthma, dehydration, and bacterial infections of the stomach, colon, and urinary tract.
- Rose leaves are used in preparing rose water from the Persian variety. Rose water prepared from rose leaves brings relief from constipation, clears blood, and soothes the mind. In addition, it is used on the treatment of measles and chicken pox.
There are currently no known side effects related to the use of rose water or rose essential oil; however, it is best to consult your physician before using essential oils to treat a medical condition.
Should we take Precautions with roses?
Use only the rose species listed here for medicinal purposes and not garden hybrids.
Because of the high price of rose oil, adulteration is common. Therefore, for medicinal purposes, use only the best high quality, genuine rose oil.
Consumers should be aware of the fact that much of the natural vitamin C in some rosehip products is lost in the manufacturing process. To compensate, some fortify the products with artificial vitamin C.
Botanical and common names
- Family Rosaceae
- Rose species
- R. canina (Wild Rose, Dog Rose, Rose Hip, Brier Hip, Hip, Brier Rose, Eglantine Gall, Hogseed, Dog-berry, Sweet Brier, Witches’ Brier, Hep Tree, Hip Fruit, Hop Fruit, Hipberries)
- R. arkansana (Prairie Wild Rose, Sunshine Rose, Arkansas Rose, Meadow Rose, Pasture Rose)
- R. laevigata (Cherokee Rose)
- RR. gallica var. centifolia (Apothacary’s Rose, French Rose, Cabbage Rose, Hundred-leafed Rose)
- R. damascena (Damask Rose)
- R. rugosa (Rugosa Rose, Saltspray Rose, Beach Tornado)
- R. multiflora (Japanese rose)
How to grow a rose?
You must first know what rose you want to grow, so it is important to select the type of rose that fits the soil where you will plant it. That is why we have dedicated a section where you will know how to select a type of rose.
How to select a rose?
There are thousands of beautiful roses, far more than any of us will ever have the opportunity to see, much less grow. When choosing a rose for your garden, there are five considerations that should make the selection process easier.
Though roses are usually planted for their flowers, it is important to know what the plant as well as the flowers will look like, in order to determine where it will fit in your garden.
Hybrid teas and floribundas usually grow no more than 2 to 3 feet high. Their form is coarse, and hardly very appealing, but they do have the ability to produce an abundance of flowers throughout the growing season. The hybrid tea has large, single blooms on long, stiff stems, whereas the floribunda has slightly smaller clusters of blooms on stems that are not as stiff.
- Miniature roses have tiny flowers, and may be only 10 to 36 inches tall.
- Dwarf roses grow up to 2 feet tall, and their flowers are produced in clusters.
- Ground-cover or landscape roses, are generally large and leafy.
Climbers and ramblers grow from 7 feet to 30 feet in length, and most of them benefit from some support. Standards are roses that are trained into a tree-like form with a single stem and a rounded bush or weeping display of flowers on top.
Northern gardeners need to know exactly what zone a rose is hardy to. Southern gardeners must also watch to see what zones are recommended for each particular variety, as some roses perform very poorly in hot and/or humid weather. Read the catalogs carefully and, if possible, purchase your roses from a local or regional grower. They will be able to advise you from experience about how a particular variety will perform in your area.
Many roses, especially the old-fashioned varieties, have just one flush of blooms per year. Will you be satisfied with a cloud of heavenly pink blossoms for three weeks in June, or do you need your rose to bloom all summer long? This consideration may narrow your choices very quickly.
Selecting a disease-resistant rose is the single most effective way to avoid problems and the need for chemicals. You might start by considering some of the old rose varieties, many of which have natural disease resistance.
You can also look to many of the modern roses, which are now being bred for improved disease resistance. Hybrid teas are notoriously disease-prone, and seem to lure every insect pest from miles around. They can be difficult to grow without an arsenal of chemical dusts and sprays.
This may seem like an odd consideration, but it’s important if you are growing roses for cutting. The traditional florist rose is a hybrid tea, and it is the only type of rose that flowers on a long, stiff stem. All other roses have shorter, weaker stems, which gives them a more casual—some believe more beautiful—presence in a vase.
How do you take care of a rose plant?
Roses are rather particular, and you should be aware of the growing conditions and care necessary to keep them happy.
Site: For most abundant blooms and greatest vigor, roses need to receive 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight each day. In hot climates, they will appreciate receiving protection from the most intense afternoon sun. In cool climates, a fence or a warm south- or west-facing wall can add enough extra warmth to boost flower production and reduce winter damage.
Soils: Roses need good drainage and rich, moisture-retaining soil, with a pH between 6.5 and 7. If your soil is heavy and wet, you may want to consider planting your roses in raised beds. Compost should be added to create a loose texture with a high organic content. For help correcting a pH imbalance, read Building Healthy Soil.
Water: Roses require more water than most other landscape plantings, especially during the first year as the plant is getting its roots established. The best way to water your roses is with drip irrigation. It concentrates the water at the root zone where it is needed, and keeps the foliage dry to minimize disease problems. A good, thick layer of organic mulch will help conserve moisture, reduce weeds, and encourage healthy root growth. As the mulch breaks down, it will also add organic matter to the soil.
Fertilizer: Roses are heavy feeders, and will benefit from a steady supply of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. You can provide these nutrients with either liquid or granular fertilizers, at a ratio of approximately 5-8-5. In most cases, regular applications of compost, rotted manure, fish emulsion and seaweed extracts will provide roses with all the nutrients they need. These organic amendments also help to moderate pH imbalances and stimulate beneficial soil life. Other organic amendments favored by rose growers include greensand, black rock phosphate and alfalfa meal.
Pruning: Dead, weak and sickly stems can lead to disease problems. Pruning these away will increase air circulation to the center of the plant and minimize fungus problems. Pruning also stimulates new growth, and allows you to shape the plant in a pleasing manner. Spent flowers should be removed during the growing season to encourage reblooming. Use a scissor-action pruner for the cleanest cuts.
Winter Protection: If possible, select rose varieties that are hardy for your growing zone; ones that can survive the winter with no special protection. In cold climates, hybrid teas and floribundas, as well as some of the smaller shrub roses, will benefit from a little extra insulation.
Once you have had several weeks of below-freezing temperatures, cover the base of the rose with 12 inches of soil or mulch, and then cover the canes with straw, leaves, pine boughs or even foam insulation. Climbing roses can be wrapped right on their supports, or you can lay them on the ground and cover the canes with straw or brush. In severely cold climates, hybrid teas are sometimes partially dug up, laid down onto the soil, and the entire plant is then covered with more soil or mulch.
Pests and diseases: Prevention is the best way to avoid pest and disease problems. Start with disease-resistant varieties, keep plants in healthy condition (well fertilized and well watered), maintain good air circulation, keep foliage dry, and remove any diseased foliage or spent flowers. For Japanese beetle grubs, use beneficial nematodes or Milky Spore (Bacillus popilliae). Rose Rx is effective against scale, spidermites and aphids. For more information, see the Pest and Disease Finder.
Secrets tips to grow rose and NOT to fail!
Rose amateurs have tips and tricks by the dozen to grow the perfect bloom. Some swear by daily Beethoven serenades, while others brew alfalfa tea. Still other rose lovers credit their prize-winning blossoms to bananas. Sort fact from fiction, and discover which secrets are worth following.
But. What do you really need to believe in order to grow your rose in a formidable way? Today you will learn to separate Facts from fiction and start to follow the true steps to plant your rose.
Some gardeners swear that music grows better plants – classical, country or rock ‘n’ roll. The idea is that plants grow in response to the vibrations that comprise musical tones. But don’t invest in outdoor speakers yet. Research on this topic is inconclusive.
Is it the Alfalfa?
Alfalfa provides solid nutrition to roses, supplying nitrogen, calcium, iron, phosphorous, and other nutrients, including a fatty acid known to promote plant growth. Work alfalfa meal or pellets into soil around roses (1 cup per large bush; one-half cup for miniature roses).
A dose of phosphorus promotes flowering. Many rose lovers count on banana peels to provide a bit of phosphorus to plants, using two to three skins weekly per rose plant. Put bananas to work for you with one of these methods:
- Chop banana peels and bury beneath a rose (in the area beneath leaves, but not against the stem). Dig carefully to avoid disturbing roots. Bury peels about 4 inches deep to outsmart digging critters.
- Pulverize peels in a blender, adding water if needed. Allow the solution to sit for 15 minutes. Apply directly to soil beneath a rose. Toss any solid residue onto your compost pile.
The real keys to success with roses
Even tips and tricks from rose enthusiasts won’t help you grow the healthiest plants if you don’t cover the basics. Hit these six simple must-haves, and you’ll be on your way to growing the perfect rose:
- Site: Roses crave sun, at least six hours a day is ideal.
- Soil: Plant roses in rich, well-draining soil. When planting, mix organic matter, such as compost or ground bark, into excavated soil you’ll use to backfill the planting hole.
- Mulch: Add a 2-3-inch layer of coarse, organic mulch around roses. Coarse mulch helps reduce foliage diseases on roses because it reduces the amount of water splashing onto leaves (splashing water drops can spread fungal diseases).
- Water: Irrigate roses deeply but infrequently, applying water directly to soil using soaker hoses or drip irrigation. Water needs vary based on weather and soil, so check soil with your finger. Water often enough to create consistently moist soil – not overly wet, not bone-dry. To prevent diseases, keep foliage dry, especially if you must water late in the day.
- Inspect: Check roses frequently for insects or disease outbreaks. Catching problems early makes them easier to treat. Learn how to spot common rose pests.
- Prune: Roses need regular pruning. Learn how to prune roses