These flowers are native to tropical America. Other names of Anthuriums are painted tongue, flamingo flower or cola flower. Anthuriums have a thick structure and a waxy feel in terms of texture.
Anthurium colors can range from different shades of red and white to pink. This flower has a heart shape at its base and a long stem that develops from the base up. It comes in a wide variety such as flowering, velvet leaves, webbed leaves, pendants, etc.
Anthuriums main characteristics
- The length of the stem of the plant can grow to a height of 15 to 20 inches, depending on the size of the spathe (large leaf), that is, the larger the spathe, the longer the stem.
- Its leaves are generally simple, large, attractively colored, and borne on long stems.
- The flower stem is slender, ending in a fleshy column that is filled with many unisexual flowers.
- They have leafy bracts (leaves that come from the stalk of the flowers of some plants) that can be white, yellow, red, pink, orange or green.
- Since it is a popular foliage plants, people cultivate Anthuriums for their attractive flower bracts, popular in the cut flower trade.
- All parts of the anthurium plant are poisonous. If ingested, it can cause mild stomach upset, and the sap from the anthurium plant can cause skin irritation.
It is important to cultivate Anthuriums in 4 methods. Primarily for its vegetative reproduction, tissue culture, seeds and fertilization.
- Anthuriums can grow on a wide range of soil types, ranging from sandy loams to heavy clays.
- Anthuriums requests a highly organic soil for growth with good water holding capacity and good drainage.
- You will need a soil that is well drained, which is very important to prevent rotting (decomposition of a material) of the stems and roots.
- You should plan Anthuriums in a raised bed 1.3 to 2 meters wide and 20cm deep.
- Try not to plant Anthuriums more than 5cm deep, since deep sowing causes stem and root rot .
- Stake (pointed stick) the anthurium after planting so the plant can have the proper support.
- Water the anthuriums immediately after planting.
- A layer of semi-rotten wood, coconut shells or sugar cane bagasse can be used.
- Mulching is an important and very relevant phase for the anthurium plant.
- The roots of Anthurium plants grow in the mulch (topsoil) and spread across the field.
Care of the Anthurium plant
- Remove unpleasant, dead foliage and faded or brown flowers.
- Use a peat base (light, fluffy, earthy-looking charcoal that forms in swampy places).
- Anthuriums needs an access to high light, but not direct sunlight.
- Water your anthurium thoroughly, but allow it to dry slightly between waterings.
- Do not over-water anthuriums, because this can cause root damage and leaf yellowing.
- Fertilize the anthurium plant every two months.
- Avoid drafts and strong temperature fluctuations.
- In winter, anthurium plants need a 6 week rest period at 15 ° C with just a little water, so the plant can re-bloom abundantly in the following season.
Anthurium flower images
More exotic flowers.